“Zines” and Emerging Digital Media

First you may be wondering, what is a “zine”?  A zine, also known as fanzine, as Stephen Duncombe describes in Notes from Underground: Zines and the Politics of Alternative Culture, are “independent and localized, coming out of cities, suburbs and small towns across the USA, assembled on kitchen tables”.  Zines are “noncommercial, nonprofessional, small-circulation magazines which their creators produce, publish, and distribute by themselves” and have a wide range of topics from music to science fiction and more.  They come in many different “shapes, styles, subjects, and qualities than one would imagine.”  They allowed people to create their “own culture and stop consuming thzines-2at which is made” for them.  Usually zines allowed people to speak about themselves and society freely and honestly.  They don’t do this for money or recognition, but just to get their word out there in the hopes it would reach the hands of like-minded individuals.  Zines are also relatively inexpensive to create and distribute.  “Zinesters” as they are called, are politically self-conscious and considered what they do as a “strike against commercial culture and consumer capitalism” and write about such topics openly in zines.  Those that publish zines are identified by what they believe in more so than who they actually are.  They were generally the product of someone’s rantings and ravings and a mix between a “personal letter and a magazine”, but it created an underground community around them.

Before digital media, they had to start somewhere, and one example are “zines”.  As Michael Mandiberg states in The Social Media Reader, “the line between media producers and consumers has blurred, and the unidirectional broadcast has partially fragmented into many different kinds of multidirectional conversations”.  Due to the emergence of new technologies and forms of media, and more access to such tools, has allowed those that were once passive media consumers to now become creators of their own Modern Keyboard With Colored Social Network Buttons.media.  These new emerging digital media frameworks range from blogs to social media sites and more, but are pointless and have the potential to fail without audience participation.  If these forms of digital media don’t have people using and participating on their sites then they will fail.  Such social media tools have allowed for global spread, rather than a limited reach by zines.  These new technologies are also free, so now you don’t need to worry about paying for anything and can still say what you want to say.  Some sites are limited as to what you can do.  Instagram, for instance, is a photo sharing platform.  Whereas, Facebook, you can use for photo and video sharing, as well post what’s on your mind in the status field.  You can even create a Facebook page if you want to reach a certain demographic of people that share your same views.  Zines, as well as these new forms of digital media, are a way for people to freely express themselves and get their message out to as many people that want to hear it.

The only difference is that the new technologies have become commercialized which is the opposite of one of the original ideologies and intent of zines.



  1. i definitely agree that new technology and a good portion of digital media is being commercialized and serves only for that purpose. I know that a lot of Instagram people with many followers get paid by companies to post certain content as well as advertise. This is happening with almost every application out there which is a form of digital media, making it different from Zines in that aspect.


    • I agree. People create YouTube channels and when their videos go viral and gain a substantial amount of followers it becomes commercialized because companies want their ads to appear on your page and then you get some revenue based off that. That commercialization is what zines avoided but as time goes on, things change and we adapt to the new technologies and sometimes lose sight of the big pictures and the simple things in life.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. I like your point on how you said the evolution from Zines to blogs to social media posts have become more and more pointless. I guess the easier the publication, production and distribution process, the less work needs to be put into each post. Facebook posts today lack the polish that Zines had, even blog posts lack it too.


    • I agree! If people put some effort into it or actually talked about something of worth then it wouldn’t be so bad or mainstream. Facebook posts seem to be mainly rants now, which yes, that is what zines were as well. However, in zines, people also talked about different topics on top of the rants.

      Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s